This site is being preserved as it was on 17 September 2001 as a memorial to the life and work of Eberhard Wenzel.
Website by Eberhard Wenzel is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
VL.GIF WWW VL Circumpolar Peoples: Tribes


  • Alutiiq Museum & Archaeological Repository - "The museum preserves and shares the cultural traditions of the Alutiiq people through exhibits, educational programs, publications, anthropological research, and the care of traditional objects"
  • British Columbia First Nations - "British Columbia has 198 bands with a multitude of population and geographic circumstances and a wide range of technical capacity. This project, conducted as a pilot, is intended to provide all First Nations, Aboriginal Organizations and Aboriginal Businesses in BC with the opportunity to have one common location on the World Wide Web from which people can explore and learn about the rich history, diversity and culture of British Columbia's First Nations; about the hopes and aspirations, activities and opportunities"
  • Champagne and Aishihik
  • Esketemc First Nation (formerly known as Alkalai Lake Indian Band) - this is the web-site of a Nation well-known for its struggle to preserve their identity - excellent web-site
  • Grand Council of the Crees - "the political voice of the James Bay Crees who live in the province of Quebec, Canada. Our Council was established in 1974 by eight Cree communities whose lands and traditional way of life were threatened by the construction of the James Bay hydroelectric development project in the north western portion of the province"
  • Gwich'in Tribal Council - "co-ordinates the efforts of the Gwich'in Councilsin Inuvik (Nihtat Gwich'in Council Gwich'in Council), Fort MacPherson (Teetl'it Gwich'in Council), Aklavik(Ehdiitat) and Tsiigehtchic (Gwich'ya Gwich'in Council)"
  • Indigenous Peoples in the Barents Region - provides access to documents, many of which are written in Sami and Russian
  • Innu Nation
  • Inuit Tapirisat of Canada - founded in 1971, this organizations is considered to be the "national voice of the Inuit"
  • Keewaytinook Okimakanak - "a non-political Chiefs Council which advises and assists their member First Nations. The organization is directed by the Chiefs of the member First Nations who form our Board of Directors. The First Nations include Deer Lake, Fort Severn, Keewaywin, McDowell Lake, North Spirit Lake, and Poplar Hill"
  • Kitikmeot Inuit Association - "to defend, preserve and promote social, cultural and economic benefits to Inuit of the Kitikmeot Region"
  • Koryak Net - "This is a clearinghouse for information on the native people of the Russian Federation commonly referred to as "Koryaks." Some of these people prefer to call themselves "Nymylani" or "Chukchi." Some prefer the term "Chavchuven," while others hate that term. The politics of nomenclature can get rather sticky at times"
  • Labrador Inuit Association - concerned with "the protection and promotion of the language, culture, aboriginal and constitutional rights of Labrador Inuit and the negotiation and settlement of Labrador Inuit land claims"
  • Nisga'a Nation - "the people who live in the Nass River Valley of northwestern British Columbia and claim it as our territory. We intend to live here forever"
  • North Slave Metis Alliance - "primary mandate is to - represent the direct descendents of Metis who used and occupied land in the North Slave Region of the Northwest Territories (NWT) prior to 1921. The NSMA has the following objectives: To negotiate, ratify and implement a land and resource agreement which will be founded on principles of self-government, and to promote and enhance the educational, economic, social and cultural development of its members in the North Slave Region, Treaty 11 Area, in a beneficial fashion. The Alliance came about as a result of the desire of Metis people in the region to control their own destiny. The Organization has blossomed and bloomed in spite of many years of divisive political agendas"
  • Nunavut Handbook - "the world's most authoritative, up-to-date book about Nunavut, soon to be Canada's newest Arctic territory"
  • Our world - our way of life: Haida and Innuit - an exhibition by the Canadian Heritage Information Network
  • Qikiqtani Inuit Association - "a non-profit organization, which used to be called Baffin Region Inuit Association until 1996, when the board voted for the name change. The name was chosen from among several names submitted by Inuit from around the region"
  • The Smi - very comprehensive web-site on the Smi in terms of history, culture, social organization and other aspects, incorporating rich material from Usenet newsgroup soc.culture.nordic"
  • Centre for Smi Studies, University of Troms (Norway)

  • Samefolket - The Sami People - "a monthly magazine about native events and issues. Samefolket have been published continously since 1918, although the first issue of the predecessor "Lapparnas egen tidning" was published in 1904, making it the oldest indigenous and native controlled publication in the world. Samefolket has always been independent from the governments and government agencies, the focus of this publication is the political and cultural issues in all the Sami core area. Over the years the publication has expanded its scope to include Russia and now also features texts describing other native nations, peoples, their lifes and issues. The magazine is mainly published in Swedish, even though there are texts also in Norwegian as well as one or several texts in any of the Sami languages in each issue. Over the next years Samefolket will publish 7 issues in the North, South and Lule Sami languages only. We will however give a summary of the content on these pages in English"
  • Sametinget - comprehensive web-site on the Saami and the Sametinget (Saami Parliament)
  • Sami People - excellent introduction to the Sami People
  • The Sami in Finland

  • Virtual Samiland - "made to help you find information about the Sami people. We live in four countries, Norway, Finland, Sweden and Russia. Therefore I have tried to collect links to most of the sites you can find information about us"
  • Situation of the Smi People in the Kola Peninsula - a comprehensive report by Jelena Sergejeva
  • Tlingit National Anthem: Alaska Natives Online - excellent resources
  • Tr'ondk Hwch'in - "On these pages we hope to serve Tr'ondk Hwch'in citizens of the Klondike area, the Yukon and Alaska as well as people from all over with an interest in the Tr'ondk Hwch'in culture, history and current activities. We will be providing online information regarding our land, housing developments and business initiatives. Over time this web site will also become a valuable resource for language, history and archival material for you to use"
  • Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation
  • Yukon's First Nations



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Thanks for your kind support - LDB.



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