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The 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines

Article IV


Section 1. The following are citizens of the Philippines:
  1. Those who are citizens of the Philippines at the time of the adoption of this Constitution;
  2. Those whose fathers or mothers are citizens of the Philippines;
  3. Those born before January 17, 1973, of Filipino mothers, who elect Philippine citizenship upon reaching the age of majority; and
  4. Those who are naturalized in accordance with law.

Section 2. Natural-born citizens are those who are citizens of the Philippines from birth without having to perform any act to acquire or perfect their Philippine citizenship. Those who elect Philippine citizenship in accordance with paragraph (3), Section 1 hereof shall be deemed natural-born citizens.

Section 3. Philippine citizenship may be lost or reacquired in the manner provided by law.

Section 4. Citizens of the Philippines who marry aliens shall retain their citizenship, unless by their act or omission they are deemed, under the law, to have renounced it.

Section 5. Dual allegiance of citizens is inimical to the national interest and shall be dealt with by law.

Article V     Suffrage
Article VI    Legislative Department
Article VII   Executive Department
Article VIII  Judicial Department
Article IX    Constitutional Commission
                A. Common Provisions
                B. The Civil Service Commissions
                C. The Commission on Elections
                D. The Commission on Audit
Article X     Local Government
                General Provisions
                Autonomous Regions
Article XI    Accountability of Public Officers
Article XII   National Economy and Patrimony
Article XIII  Social Justice and Human Rights
                Agrarian and Natural Resources Reform
                Urban Land Reform and Housing
                Role and Rights of People's Organization
                Human Rights
Article XIV   Education, Science and Technology, Arts
                Culture and Sports
Article XV    The Family
Article XVI   General Provisions
Article XVII  Amendments or Revisions
Article XVIII Transitory Provisions

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